Fire Tincture


120 mL (4.06 oz)


organic ingredients


Pure organic ingredients that are completely earth-friendly.

wildcrafted herbs


Ethically wild harvested plants from their natural habitats.

Non-GMO ingredients


All ingredients are non-GMO (not genetically modified).

Kosher ingredients


Herbs are Kosher and everything is made with plant-based ingredients.



Ingredients do not contain gluten.



Everything is handmade. We use minimal product packaging and large quantities for less waste.



We do not test on animals, nor contribute to the testing of animals.



Our herbs are lab-tested by a third-party laboratory to maintain quality and purity.

Good Manufacturing Practices

Good Manufacturing Practices

We follow the current good manufacturing practices according to law.

A blend of turmeric, ginger, garlic, horseradish root, cayenne pepper, and black peppercorn, this spicy warming tonic helps fight colds, flu, and infection in the body by helping the body's natural responses to fight illness, including strengthening immunity, easing discomfort from flu, stimulating perspiration and supporting the body's efforts to cope with an elevated body temperature, combating problems in the respiratory system, opening and clearing airways, helping with the debility that comes with flu, and calming the nervous system to deal with high fever and associated distress.

Suggested Use

Gently swirl tincture, then fill dropper. A full dropper will seemingly fill halfway, however this signifies a full dropper, measuring 1 mL, which is about 20 to 25 drops. Administer directly under the tongue, dilute in a small amount of water or fruit juice, mix with maple or blackstrap molasses to create a medicinal syrup, or add to a cup of herbal tea for a more powerful herbal remedy. To preserve the quality of your tincture, avoid touching the dropper to your mouth when administering. Empty dropper and securely close bottle after each use. Store in a cool, dry, dark location. Tinctures have a stable shelf life and will last for years.

Take orally:

Take for opening & clearing airways, stimulating perspiration & blood flow, alleviating fever & muscle aches, supporting the body to cope during illness, combating respiratory problems, warming the body, and helping with the debility that comes with flu. Take 1-6 mL per day, as needed. For children under 12 years but older than 2 years, take 1⁄2-2 mL per day, as needed. For children under 2 years, take 1 to 10 drops, as needed.

Supplement Facts

Dosage: 1 mL (120 doses per bottle)
Daily Limit: 2-6 mL

Amount per dosage
Turmeric root 62.5 mg
Ginger root 52.5 mg
Garlic bulb 45 mg
Horseradish root 40 mg
Cayenne Pepper fruit 37.5 mg
Black Pepper berry 12.5 mg

The recommended dose varies based on condition, sensitivity, body chemistry, and body weight. Each person will need to experiment to discover what dose works best with a specific tincture. Tinctures are used as needed. This recognizes that each person finds their constitution and condition in varying degrees, and possibly varying times of day. If you have never used the tincture before, it is best to initially take only about 1/4 to 1/2 the recommended dosage, slowly increasing the dosage as needed with each use determining what dosage is best and when.

Safety Considerations

  • ♡ Careful consideration should be given when administering herbs to children under 6 months, as their digestive systems can't handle much more than breastmilk (or formula). The breastfeeding mother should take the herb herself to allow it to pass to the baby through the breastmilk.
  • ♡ Herbs are powerful. If you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications, it is recommended to consult with a health care practitioner before using herbs internally.
  • ♡ These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.


Curcuma longa

Chromolithograph of Turmeric by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther
Chromolithograph of Turmeric by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen Vol. 1 (1887), Vol. 2 (1890), and Vol. 3 (1898)

Botany. Turmeric is part of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. The rhizome is the most commonly used part of the plant.

History. Turmeric has long been used in Chinese and Indian cooking and medicine, as well as Western herbalism. Turmeric has a long history for many medicinal preparations dating back thousands of years. Progress in science has proven the wide medicinal effects and the multitude of clinical trials address the efficacy and safety of the herb. Turmeric’s compound, curcumin, was first isolated and recognized in 1815. In the 1970s, the first scientific research on the health benefits of turmeric was recorded. Since then, there has been numerous amounts of scientific research done on this particular herb, which is still being done, expanding the knowledge and use of this powerful plant.

Constituents. Components of turmeric are named curcuminoids, which include curcumin (diferuloyl methane), dimethoxy-curcumin, and bisdemethoxy-curcumin, and various monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid volatile oils, including tumerone, atlantone, and zingiberone. The compound curcumin is a flavonoid and contributes to the bright yellow-pigment found in the root of turmeric and in other certain plants in the Zingiberaceae family. Although curcumin is the most well-known and studied constituent of turmeric, the biological activities of demethoxy-curcumin and bisdemethoxy-curcumin are reported to be stronger than curcumin, and therefore, the importance of curcuminoids other than curcumin is gradually increasing.

Qualities. Turmeric is warm, bitter, and earthy.

Actions. The biological activity of turmeric is powerful with , , , , neuroprotective, , and cardioprotective effects.

Our turmeric root, Curcuma longa, is organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. Turmeric is a powerful herb, which antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, and cardioprotective actions work synergistically to contribute to the whole effect of the herb. The bioavailability of turmeric has been the limitation with the medicinal use of the herb. Bioavailability is the rate at which the body absorbs a substance or nutrient. Turmeric, particularly curcumin, is practically insoluble in water. Due to the hydrophobic (repels from water) nature of curcumin, turmeric has a low absorption rate in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It is rapidly metabolized in the liver and intestinal wall, also contributing to turmeric being poorly absorbed into the body through the bloodstream. This makes the traditional tincturing process invaluable, properly extracting herbs and having all the compounds readily available for absorption through the bloodstream. Consuming black pepper, which contains piperine, along with turmeric can also improve the bioavailability of turmeric. Piperine enhances the absorption of curcumin in turmeric by 2,000% compared to consuming solely turmeric.

Turmeric contains strong activity. An antioxidant is a type of compound that helps the body fight stress and prevents oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical reaction in the body that can produce free radicals and chain reactions. Free radicals are formed in the body when exposed to waste products, bacteria, viruses, UV light, pollution, and environmental toxins, and they can damage cells in the body. Because of many environmental, lifestyle, and pathological situations, excess free radicals can accumulate, resulting in oxidative stress that damages cells. Oxidative stress has been related to sickness, heart disease, cancer, and other chronic diseases. Research suggests that antioxidants reduce damage to oxidative stress to the body by preventing or delaying cell damage. Antioxidants are able to neutralize free radicals and end the destructive chain reactions that they cause. Particularly in turmeric, the antioxidant action of curcumin and other curcuminoids works in many ways. They work in part in the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD). SOD eliminates superoxide molecules, which is a common free radical produced in the body. This particularly powerful antioxidant blocks the oxidation of harmful LDL cholesterol. As an antioxidant, turmeric can scavenge free radicals, increase antioxidant enzymes, and inhibit lipid peroxidation. The herb is able to prevent increased free radical generation or accumulation in the body. Curcumin has also shown exhibiting enhanced cellular resistance to oxidative damage. The strong antioxidant action of turmeric permeates and contributes to the other actions and effects of this herb, including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antidepressant, and anti-anxiety.

Turmeric is especially useful for inflammation, which its properties and responses have been immensely shown. Turmeric reduces inflammation and will help relieve symptoms from conditions caused by inflammation and infection. The effect is created by the herb’s ability to lower histamine levels and possibly increasing the production of natural cortisone by the adrenal glands. Prostaglandins are found in almost every tissue, and they create bodily reactions that cause pain, fever, and inflammation, which is part of the immune response in the healing process. High levels of prostaglandins are produced in response of injury or infection and cause inflammation. Turmeric inhibits biosynthesis of inflammatory prostaglandins during bodily inflammation. The antioxidant properties of turmeric contribute to the anti-inflammatory effect given that oxidative stress triggers chronic inflammation and a close relationship between antioxidant compounds and its anti-inflammatory potential is evident. Curcumin is shown to interact with numerous molecular targets involved in inflammation. Clinical trials indicate turmeric to be a therapeutic medicine for diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, arthritis, chronic anterior uveitis, and certain types of cancer. In one study, 32 patients with chronic anterior uveitis were given 375 mg curcumin, 3 times daily for 12 weeks, and it resulted in 86% patients showing that this particular compound of turmeric was as effective as corticosteroid therapy, the only available treatment. Turmeric has been researched and shown to benefit gastric ulcers. In a clinical trial of 25 patients with endoscopically-diagnosed gastric ulcers, patients were given 600 mg of turmeric 5 times per day. After 4 weeks, 48% completely healed, and after 12 weeks, 76% were ulcer free with no adverse reactions or blood abnormalities, noted with this dosage. This study reveals the therapeutic effect that herbs can have long-term in chronic diseases and conditions. The benefits of turmeric for daily therapeutic use, even at low level dosages for long periods of time, can be effective for chronic inflammatory conditions.

Turmeric has been studied for its hepatoprotective effects preventing damage and tissue injury to the liver. Alcohol, drugs, pollutants, parasites, and dietary components can trigger acute and chronic liver injuries, including liver fibrosis, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, non-alcoholic liver disease, and even cirrhosis. Turmeric can protect the liver from carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) (a potent toxin in the liver), galactosamine, acetaminophen (paracetamol), and aflatoxin-producing fungi Aspergillus. The components of turmeric with choleretic effects increase biliary excretion of bile salts, cholesterol, and bilirubin as well as by increasing bile solubility, therefore, possibly preventing and treating gallstones (cholelithiasis). Curcumin has been shown to be a valuable therapy to prevent oxidative stress-related liver disorders, indicating the further antioxidant qualities and effects. It is further shown that turmeric treatment increased antioxidant levels in the liver that is produced by the cells (endogenous). The herb has shown to help in case of drug-induced hepatotoxicity in conditions triggered by the antibiotic Streptozotocin and acetaminophen (paracetamol) overuse and abuse. It has been shown to protect the liver during paracetamol-induced lesions by taking turmeric an hour before ingesting acetaminophen. It has also been demonstrated that curcumin can attenuate liver fibrosis, and cirrhosis, which is caused by continual liver damage and scarring from diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. As a hepatoprotective, turmeric can be used to help attenuate the damage that is done to the liver during times of using acetaminophen, antibiotics, and other factors that can cause liver damage.

The effects are usually in correlation with the antimicrobial effect and content, further concreting the use of whole herb for whole benefit. Due to the chemical structure of turmeric’s antioxidant compound, curcumin acts as a natural free radical scavenger reducing oxidative stress. Turmeric has been used as a remedy for the prevention and treatment of many organ and tissue disorders, most of which are associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. It has been shown to treat numerous inflammatory diseases, as the herb alleviates oxidative stress and inflammation and regulates inflammatory and pro-inflammatory pathways related with most chronic inflammatory diseases. In particular, turmeric has been shown to help with neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, allergies, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney diseases, metabolic diseases (diabetes and obesity), skin diseases, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and pancreatitis. Allergy, asthma, bronchitis, and pneumonia are inflammatory diseases, and curcumin has shown to help clear constricted airways, increase antioxidant levels, and allay associated inflammation. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompass digestive disorders that involve chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, malfunction of the digestive system, oxidative and nitrosative stress, leukocyte infiltration, and increased pro-inflammatory cytokines, with many studies conducted to show the herb's efficacy for IBD without any significant side effects. Clinical trials reveal turmeric may be a therapeutic herb in pancreatitis and showed to improve the disease's severity. Neurodegenerative diseases are neurological disorders that primarily affect brain functioning due to progressive deterioration of neurons, protein misfolding, and deposition of proteins, plaques, and oxidative stress. It includes a wide range of diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease), and Huntington's disease. These diseases are incurable because the progressive deterioration of neurons can't be reversed. However, many studies have shown the progression of age-dependent neurodegeneration is associated with inflammation, decreased antioxidants, and increased oxidative damage to proteins, DNA, and lipids, which indicates turmeric as a potential therapy due to its strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant value. In clinical trials, curcumin improves health by preventing or delaying the onset of various neurodegenerative diseases. Curcuminoids have many properties that regulate debilitating biochemical processes involved in Alzheimer’s diseases, which include reduction of mitochondrial dysfunction-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that impacts organs and tissues, but mainly attacks flexible (synovial) joints. It has been reported that oxidative stress contributes to joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. The main treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is to reduce arthritis reaction, inhibit disease development and irreversible bone destruction, protect the joints and muscle function, and ultimately achieve complete remission or low disease activity. Turmeric has also been shown to be an effective therapy of rheumatoid arthritis, regulating inflammatory factors associated with anti-oxidation, with the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity contributing to the whole effect. Cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease, vascular disease, and atherosclerosis, are the most critical global health threats. Various scientific trials have consistently shown that the risks of the development of cardiovascular diseases are inflammation, oxidative stress, and cell death. Turmeric has beneficial cardiovascular effects, with the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity contributing to the whole effect. The herb has been shown to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. This effect may be due to decreased cholesterol uptake in the intestines and increased conversion of cholesterol to bile acids in the liver. The hepatoprotective effect contributes to the excretion of cholesterol. The cardiovascular system benefits of turmeric are the protective effects on atherosclerosis, cardia hypertrophy, heart failure, aortic aneurysm, stroke, myocardial infarction (heart attack), and diabetic cardiovascular complications. Turmeric improves blood vessel circulation and function. Curcumin is reported to enhance endothelial function and vascular homeostasis. The herb can inhibit platelet aggregation preventing platelets from clumping together. By inhibiting platelet aggregation, turmeric enhances circulation.

Turmeric is useful for cold, flu, and infection. The herb can alleviate inflammation due to infections and give potent antioxidant activity during illness. The herb contains immunomodulatory and antiviral activity. Recent studies have examined turmeric as a potential therapy against COVID-19. Turmeric can enhance immunity to fight against various pathogens, including the SARS-CoV-2. One study demonstrated that curcumin potently neutralizes SARS-CoV-2, and concluded that the herb shows potential for treatment of COVID-19. Later, a systematic review of clinical trials examined the herb's potential against COVID-19. The review of 6 studies showed that curcumin led to reductions in typical symptoms, duration of hospitalization, and death in COVID-19 patients with different levels of severity. The benefit of the herb decreased resolution time of several common COVID-19 symptoms, including cough, chills, myalgia, tachypnea, anosmia, and amelioration of lymphocyte counts. It further showed that the curcumin and piperine (compound from black pepper) led to fewer thromboembolic episodes following recovery from COVID-19 infections. SARS-CoV2 infections are characterized by an imbalance in the immune system with hyper-activation of Th1 and Th17 cells and increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These effects can lead to the cytokine storm, which has been linked to more severe COVID-19 disease outcomes and increased mortality. It was shown that another curcuminoid, nanocurcumin, effectively modulated the inflammatory cytokines in COVID-19 patients.

Turmeric has anti-depressant and anti-anxiety action. Turmeric can be used in a number of psychological and mental health disorders, effectively helping chronic stress, anxiety, and depression. There is an increasing wealth of knowledge and research supporting the efficacy of turmeric as a treatment for depression and anxiety. Mental health disorders, including anxiety and major depressive disorder, require a broad treatment in many aspects of whole treatment, and turmeric, with therapeutic daily use, can be used as an antidepressant. The herb possesses many approaches of antidepressant and antianxiety activity, interacting with the nervous system, contributing significant neuroprotection and neuroplasticity activity, and the immune system, allaying inflammation and giving potent antioxidant activity. Studies show that people consuming turmeric daily have sharper brain functions and higher cognitive abilities, revealing the benefit of long-term therapeutic use of the herb. Studies have shown that the full benefits of antidepressant herbal therapy may take about 8 to 12 weeks. One way is that the herb inhibits the monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzyme, which is involved with removing the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Many antidepressant drugs work similarly as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes are known to exist in 2 forms, one oxidizing dopamine and the other serotonin and norepinephrine. Turmeric, impressively, has the ability to inhibit both forms. Turmeric can boost these necessary neurotransmitters that contribute to mood, disposition, mental health, and overall energy balance. Another antidepressant action of turmeric is the ability to increase brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), enhancing neuronal survival. BDNF plays an important role in nerve survival and growth and contributes to nerve plasticity, which is the capacity of the nervous system to modify itself, functionally and structurally, in response to an incident, experience, or injury. BDNF also regulates glucose and energy metabolism and prevents exhaustion of beta-cells that produce insulin, which is a hormone that controls the level of glucose in the blood. Decreased levels of BDNF are associated depression and with neurodegenerative diseases with neuronal loss, such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, and Huntington's disease. There have been several studies showing the improvement of behavioral disturbances and disorders, such as hyperactivity and irritability, with an increase in BDNF expression. By keeping BDNF at a healthy balance, the nervous system can function at an optimal level transferring information between nerves and their targets, and potentially preventing physical and mental illnesses. Turmeric enhances neurogenesis and can significantly increase BDNF production in the brain and lead to improved cognitive performance and mood. The herb's neuro-regenerative ability is unclear, but it is shown to prevent the stress-induced action to decrease serotonin and to reverse the chronic stress-induced action to reduce BDNF protein levels. Turmeric protects against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity and reverses the glutamate-induced reduction of BDNF levels. Studies show that turmeric can protect the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which shields the brain from toxic substances in the blood, supplies the brain tissues with nutrients, and filters harmful compounds from the brain back to the bloodstream. Alterations in the BBB can lead to increased infiltration of peripheral material and harmful compounds into the brain, culminating in neuro-inflammation and oxidative stress. In another way, turmeric has potent anti-inflammatory action that contribute to the antidepressant effect. Inflammation has been known to play a major role in major depressive syndrome. Approximately, one-quarter of patients with depression show evidence of low-grade inflammation. Over half show mildly elevated C-reactive protein levels, which is an indicator of inflammation in the body. Dysregulation in the kynurenine pathway, which is induced by inflammation and in turn fuels inflammation and neurotoxicity, has been implicated in depression. In a meta-analysis on many antidepressant clinical trials, it was concluded that alterations in peripheral cytokine levels (inflammatory secretions by cells) were associated with antidepressant treatment outcomes in major depressive disorder. During inflammation, the immune system sends out inflammatory signals. The T-cell dysfunction has been reported in depression. There is a predominance of cytokine-producing helper T-cells, type 1 (Th1) or type 2 (Th2), in major depression. Turmeric inhibits the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isoenzyme. It also inhibits transcription of nuclear factor κB (NF-κΒ). It was found that turmeric lowered the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β cytokine by approximately 60%. It blocked the synthesis of nitric oxide synthase enzyme, resulting in the reduction of the release of the inflammatory nitric oxide. Another antidepressant action of turmeric is the antioxidant potency. Increased oxidative and nitrosative stress has been regularly identified in depression, and turmeric can significantly increase antioxidant activity in the body. As an antioxidant, turmeric can lower levels of malondialdehyde, protein carbonyls, thiols, and nitrotyrosines, which are key indicators of oxidative stress. The herb increases the activity of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase, and it increases scavenging activity of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species, and it protects against the overproduction of nitric oxide. Chronic fatigue is one of the core symptoms of depression. One study showed that turmeric attenuated chronic fatigue through various oxidative stress, such as enhanced lipid peroxidation, nitrite, and TNF-α, and reduced glutathione levels.

The therapeutic use of turmeric has been studied for its role in cancer research. Herbs are not a "cure-all" and are not a substitute for medical care. There is lacking information and more research needed in this field, including determining the optimal dosage, bioavailability, and efficacy of herbs for this type of therapeutic treatment, however, the anticancer and antimutagenic activity of turmeric is worth noting for scientific objectivity. The role in the treatment of cancers with turmeric is very promising, showing clinical research and trial in colon cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, and as a potentiate in chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The anticancer properties of turmeric appear to be linked to apoptosis and the herb being toxic to cancer cells yet cytoprotective to normal cells. The body uses several different methods of cell death to rid itself of abnormal, harmful, or unneeded cells. Apoptosis is a mechanism for a cell's death, which is a promising target for anticancer therapy. Cancer cells evade apoptosis, though the immune system depends on this process. There are many signals and pathways that lead to apoptosis. These signals and pathways prime cancer cells by increasing their sensitivity to trigger the apoptotic pathway as opposed to normal healthy cells. The intrinsic pathway of apoptosis begins when an injury occurs within the cell. It uses the mitochondria and mitochondrial proteins, leading to mitochondrial outer membrane pemeabilization (MOMP), which is the point of no return for the cell. The extrinsic pathway of apoptosis begins outside the cell when conditions determine that the cell will die. The increase of proapoptotic proteins and inhibition of antiapoptotic proteins can trigger apoptosis and the death of the tumor cell. In almost half of all human cancers, B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) expression is elevated and XIAP is overexpressed in many different tumors. These antiapoptotic proteins inhibit the pathway toward apoptosis from a variety of signals including hypoxia, growth factor deprivation, and oxidative stress. Caspases are under-expressed in tumor cells. Caspases are proapoptotic and when activated, bind to and break down proteins in the cell leading to cell death. Cytochrome c is a mediator of the intrinsic pathway and causes caspase activation and the apoptocic response. Turmeric interacts with both intrinsic and apoptotic pathways. It is able to interfere at many different points. Turmeric inhibits BCL-2 and XIAP. The herb also increases the ability for mitochondria to undergo membrane permeability leading to increased release of cytochrome c. The anticarcinogenic properties of turmeric are owed partly to the antioxidant effect and the ability to indirectly increase glutathione levels, aiding in liver detoxification of mutagens and carcinogens and in inhibiting carcinogenic compound (nitrosamine) formation. Turmeric is antimutagenic, which potentially prevents new cancers caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy used to treat existing cancers. It was shown to inhibit carcinogenesis at 3 stages: tumor promotion, angiogenesis, and tumor growth. Turmeric and the containing curcuminoid compounds, are anticancer by targeting cancer transcription factors (TFs), which are expressed and critical for carcinogenesis. Turmeric potentiates the effect of chemotherapy and acts as an enhancer of radiotherapy. Also, it is found to arrest carcinomatous cells in the G2/M phase of cell cycle, in which cells are more susceptible to cytotoxic effects of radiotherapy. In 2 studies of colon and prostate cancer, the herb inhibited cell proliferation and tumor growth. Turmeric has shown to inhibit uncontrolled spread (metastasis) of skin cancer (melanoma) cells and is useful in deactivating the carcinogens in cigarette smoke and chewing tobacco. For short periods of time, doses of up to 8 grams (8,000 mg) per day have been used in research without any adverse effects. More studies are needed to determine any potential adverse effects associated with long-term, high-dose use. A dose escalation study was conducted with dosages of curcuminoids from 500 to 12,000 mg, and it resulted that high doses of the herb are safe with excellent tolerability warranting further investigation for the herb's use as a long-term chemopreventive agent and the ability to potentiate chemotherapy.


Zingiber officinale

Chromolithograph of Ginger by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther
Chromolithograph of Ginger by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen Vol. 1 (1887), Vol. 2 (1890), and Vol. 3 (1898)

Botany. Ginger is native to southeastern Asia and cultivated in tropical areas throughout the world. It is a perennial root that creeps and increases underground in tuberous joints where a green stalk grows 2 feet with narrow lanceolate leaves that die down annually and a flower stalk rising directly from the root to an oblong scallop flower spike.

History. The plant was naturalized in America after the discovery by the Spaniards, and the root (rhizome) is used in cooking and folk medicine. It is used as a spice to add a pungent flavor to food, but the root has a long tradition and has been historically used for a number of medicinal purposes.

Constituents. Ginger root has more than 100 compounds that have been identified, including: amino acid derivatives (zingibain), phenolic compounds (gingerols, paradols, zingerone, shogoals, dehyro-gingerdione, gingerdione, vallinoids, galanals), polyphenol (gingerenone), terpenes (sesquiterpenes: zingiberene, β-bisabolene; diterpenes: galanal, galanolactone), vitamins (C, B6/folate), and minerals (potassium, magnesium).

Qualities. It is pungent, sweet, warm, moist, and stimulating, and it is helpful for depressed, constricted states.

Actions. The root carries many actions, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, carminative, hypotensive, hypertensive, cholagogic, and stomachic properties.

Our ginger root, Zingiber officinale, is organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. The value of the herb has been shown in many clinical studies. Reportedly, ginger has been effective in treating nausea and vomiting, gastrointestinal function, pain, inflammation, and metabolic syndromes.

Ginger is an amazing herb helpful as a digestive therapy and during digestive distress and sickness. Ginger is a pungent appetite stimulant and is not only popular for its flavor, but for the antioxidant, hypotensive, hypertensive, cholagogic, and stomachic properties. Research shows the herb’s ability to stimulate gastric motility (the movement and contraction of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract during digestion), and promote digestion. Ginger contains several digestive enzymes, including zingibain. The herb can be taken before eating to initiate the digestive system. It stimulates the flow of saliva and increases the concentration of the digestive enzyme (amylase) in saliva. Saliva is important for breaking down food. The herb activates peristalsis, the movement of food through the system, and increases intestinal muscle tone. As a herb, ginger eases discomfort caused by flatulence and relieves indigestion. The volatile oils are anti-inflammatory and soothe the mucous lining and the muscle layers of the gastrointestinal tract (alimentary canal). Ginger clears up gas, flatulence, indigestion, stomachache, and other digestive problems. It is effective during stomach flu, with an effective regimen beginning at the first sign of digestive illness. It is helpful for nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, upset stomach, and digestive distress. Although the herb does not directly affect blood sugar levels, ginger can be advantageous for hyperglycemic conditions. It works indirectly to increase the availability of dietary nutrients for digestion and metabolism. When improper digestion and absorption of foods occur, ginger can facilitate the utilization of the body’s energy stores, further inducing optimal digestion.

Ginger is quite valuable for nausea and vomiting. As an antiemetic, it can be used for digestive distress, morning sickness, motion sickness, nausea, and vomiting. Ginger is effective for motion sickness. Motion sickness symptoms can include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and sweating. Ginger can be relied upon as a remedy. Research published in the British medical journal The Lancet showed the herb to be more effective than a popularly-known product in preventing symptoms of motion sickness. It was shown to be equally effective for car, boat, train, and plane rides when taken before travel and during, slowly decreasing dosages as travel prolongs since motion sickness decreases the longer the travel time. For prevention and treatment of motion sickness, ginger can be used prior to travel, and then periodically taken throughout the duration of travel and on any onset of upset stomach. The herb alleviates dizziness and can help as part of a broad treatment for vertigo. There have been several randomized clinical trials to show the treatment on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy with ginger, concluding that ginger is as effective as other medications to alleviate nausea and vomiting (antiemetic), such as pyridoxine, metoclopramide, or dimenhydrinate. A Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study reported that ginger did not affect the risk of teratogenicity and abnormalities in birth. Further, another study found that there were no severe side effects with ginger consumption in controlled, uncontrolled, and pre-clinical studies, along with the alleviation of nausea and vomiting. These results support the idea that ginger can be used as an antiemetic therapy in women during pregnancy. During pregnancy, it is recommended to consult a doctor before using herbs internally. The herb is generally recognized as safe even in high doses and with the approval of a doctor can be used therapeutically to ease morning sickness, upset stomach, nausea, and vomiting during pregnancy. It can be taken during predicted or most vulnerable times, such as morning or before eating.

Ginger has been found to help coughs, allay airway inflammation, and give therapy for airway diseases, such as asthma, through the ability to relax smooth muscles in the airway. Research shows the compounds shogaol and gingerol are the active components of this relaxing and dilating of the airway smooth muscle (bronchorelaxation). A dose-dependent relaxation was observed, with the most substantial relaxation occurring within 30 minutes of 50 and 100 mg dosages of ginger, congruent with 1 mL of Tincture.

Ginger energizes the blood, producing a feeling of warmness throughout the body. The terpenes of ginger are stimulating to peripheral circulation. This can be beneficial for bad circulation, chilblains, and cramps. In fever, ginger is helpful as a diaphoretic to induce perspiration and balance body temperature. Ginger is beneficial in stimulating circulation in the gastrointestinal tract and other parts of the body. A study found the herb to have a powerful positive stimulating effect on muscular contractions of the atria, increasing overall circulation. Ginger demonstrates anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatoid arthritis. Studies have shown the herb to reduce platelet aggregation, which is an inflammatory response when blood cells tend to stick together or clot. This allows proper blood flow and circulation during inflammation. Several studies show to improve inflammation and pain in arthritis-related diseases, particularly osteoarthritis (OA) therapeutic treatment of 500 mg of ginger with results showing after 3 months.

With anti-inflammatory and circulatory stimulating properties as contributing factors, the root can be helpful in times of pain. A few studies show that a therapeutic daily dose of 750 and 1500 mg of ginger was effective treatment for painful period pain (primary dysmenorrhea). The results reported that ginger improved pain relief and had similar effectiveness with medications and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen. Other types of pain were also improved with treatment of ginger. In randomized clinical trials, ginger has been shown to attenuate pain in headaches, migraines, and back pain. Ginger promoted a reduction in pain with a treatment of 400 mg for migraine in a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. Dosages of ginger for pain in the studies vary from 400 to 2000 mg of ginger dependent on severity.

The herb is shown to have cholinergic action, which down-regulates the activity of the heart helpful during digestion or stress. Ginger antagonizes the effects of adrenergic stimulation, which is part of the nervous system that comes into play during stress in the body and stimulates the faster activity of the heart. When stress occurs, the cholinergic nervous system attempts to restore equilibrium to the body, including nerves, glands, and muscles. The herb is useful in times of stress to offset the nerve-wracking effects of the stress and calming the bodily systems, including the nervous and digestive systems.

Safety Considerations. Ginger should not be used in combination with morphine, as ginger may interact with morphine and increase the blood levels of it.


Allium sativum

Illustration of Garlic by James Sowerby
Illustration of Garlic by James Sowerby from Medical Botany Vol. 1 (1790), Vol. 2 (1792), Vol. 3 (1793), and Vol. 4 (1794) by William Woodville, M.D.

Botany. Garlic is a perennial plant. Growing from a bulb is a tall erect round stem surrounded by tubular leaf sheaths from which grow long flat linear leaves. The stem is topped with a rounded umbel of small white, usually sterile, flowers, among which grow 20 to 30 small bulbs.

History. Garlic is mentioned in the Bible, being eaten by the Egyptians and the enslaved Israelites. The herb is in European folklore considering garlic a powerful ward.

Constituents. Garlic is full of beneficial phytochemicals, including organosulfur compounds (alliim, allicin, allinase), flavonoids, B vitamins, and minerals. Organosulfur compounds give the pungent flavor and aroma to plants in the genus Allium, including garlic and onion, due to the presence of oil-soluble or volatile sulfur compounds.

Qualities. Garlic is sweet and slightly salty, pungent, warming, moist, and stimulating. It is helpful in tired depressed functions that would respond well to stimulation.

Actions. The herb has , , , , , and actions.

Our garlic, Allium sativum, is organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. The therapeutic medicinal uses of garlic are extensive, reaching whole body health through beneficial actions on the respiratory, digestive, and cardiovascular systems.

Garlic can be effective when used in combination with the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Garlic is particularly useful for bacterial infections. It is rich in volatile oils that directly interfere with a pathogen’s metabolism and killing it. A study confirmed that garlic has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. The results showed that garlic prevents the growth of the pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Klebsiella aerogenes. These particular pathogenic microorganisms have been associated in stomach flu (gastroenteritis), respiratory infections, infections in wounds, soft tissue infections, urinary tract infections, endocarditis, and organ malfunction. E. coli, B. subtilis, and S. aureus can cause stomach flu, digestive infections, and dysentery-like diseases, with symptoms including severe stomach cramps, diarrhea, fever, nausea, and vomiting, with dehydration becoming a possible significant issue. Additionally, these bacteria can cause infections in wounds, soft tissue infection, and eye infections, such as pink eye (conjunctivitis). They can cause acute urinary infection, urinary tract sepsis, and respiratory infections, such as sinusitis and pneumonia. Salmonella bacteria can cause a food-borne illness usually contracted from consuming contaminated food, like uncooked meat or eggs or unclean water. It can cause abdominal cramps, headache, diarrhea, fever, and vomiting lasting up to a week. Dehydration can become a significant issue. Prevention of disease of this bacteria include proper washing and preparing food, cooking food to appropriate temperatures, and washing hands. In addition to being effective against bacterial infection, garlic has shown to be antifungal, inhibiting fungal infections, and anti-parasitic. It is very effective against Candida albicans, the organism that causes most vaginal yeast infections (vaginitis). In parasitic infections, the pungent compound, allicin and allyl sulfide, is valuable, effectively killing roundworms, pinworms, tapeworms, and hookworms.

Garlic can be used during flu season, sickness, colds, and infections. The herb can be used as a preventative and treatment against most digestive and respiratory infections. It is particularly valuable for the lungs and respiratory system. The volatile oil of garlic is mostly excreted in the lungs, making it useful in respiratory infections, such as chronic bronchitis, respiratory congestion (catarrh), colds, and influenza. It can be helpful for cough and as part of the broader treatment of bronchial asthma. In the digestive tract, garlic supports that natural bacterial flora of the gut while killing pathogenic organisms. The antimicrobial properties can be attributed to garlic volatile oils. With diaphoretic action, garlic is a stimulating to the whole system by inducing perspiration, which can be helpful to balance body temperature during illness and expelling infection. Extending the respiratory benefits, garlic is an expectorant, which accelerates the elimination of bronchial mucus secretions from the bronchi and trachea. Specifically, garlic is an amphoteric remedy working either as a stimulating expectorant or a relaxing expectorant, according to the body’s need. It reacts in a way the body needs acting either as an alkali or acid – stimulating expulsion of mucus or relaxing and soothing bronchial spasm (coughing) and loosening mucus. Elderberry is another amphoteric remedy and is in our Elderberry Tincture, also beneficial during cold, flu, and infection. As an anticatarrhal, garlic can help the body remove excess mucus, whether in the sinuses or other parts of the body. It can be helpful for ear, nose, and throat infections. By supporting respiration, important for whole body health and function, and the anticatarrhal action, garlic may help the skin in a broad holistic way through support of the body’s cleansing processes.

The herb has significant beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels. Garlic has a range of effects on the health of the cardiovascular system, including reducing elevated cholesterol and blood pressure, treating poor circulation, and improving overall blood flow. It reduces cholesterol and triglyceride levels and raising high-density lipoproteins (HDL). The compound, allicin, is shown to block the biosynthesis of cholesterol. In one particular study, participants consumed a high-fat diet for 7 days and then blood was analyzed for cholesterol and other fats. Then, the participants supplemented garlic with the high-fat diet for 7 days and then blood was analyzed. Results showed that supplementing garlic with a high-fat diet reduced serum cholesterol levels. With strong hypotensive action, garlic can reduce elevated blood pressure, tending to normalize systolic and diastolic pressure. The constituent, ajoene, affects the health of the heart by preventing high blood pressure and inhibits the tendency of blood cells to stick together or clot (platelet aggregation) that could restrict the flow of blood.

Garlic has antioxidants. An antioxidant is a type of compound that helps the body fight stress and prevents oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical reaction in the body that can produce free radicals and chain reactions. Free radicals are formed in the body when exposed to waste products, bacteria, viruses, UV light, pollution, and environmental toxins, and they can damage cells in the body. Because of many environmental, lifestyle, and pathological situations, excess free radicals can accumulate, resulting in oxidative stress that damages cells. Oxidative stress has been related to sickness, heart disease, cancer, and other chronic diseases. Research suggests that antioxidants reduce damage to oxidative stress to the body by preventing or delaying cell damage. Antioxidants are able to neutralize free radicals and end the destructive chain reactions that they cause. The antioxidant action of garlic prevents lipid peroxidation, which is a contributing factor in atherosclerosis development. Lipid peroxidation occurs when reactive oxygen species and free radicals steal electrons from the lipids in cell membranes, causing cellular damage.


Armoracia rusticana

Illustration of Horseradish by Elizabeth Blackwell
Illustration of Horseradish by Elizabeth Blackwell from A Curious Herbal Vol. 1 (1737) and Vol. 2 (1739)

Botany. Horseradish is a perennial plant native to southeastern Europe and western Asia. The long white cylindrical tapering root produces a 2 to 3 foot tall stem in the second year. The plant grows large basal leaves that are lanceolate with scalloped edges and the stem leaves are smaller sessile and lanceolate. A panicle of many white flowers bloom in June and July.

History. Horseradish was used during the Middle Ages and as a condiment in Denmark and Germany.

Constituents. The pungent root contains glucosinolates, sinigrin and its breakdown product, mustard oil (allyl isothiocyanate). The mustard oil is released

Qualities. Horseradish is hot and pungent and useful in congested and cold states.

Actions. Horseradish is a warming , , and .

Our horseradish root, Armoracia rusticana, is organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. A member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae, horseradish is known for its hot pungent flavor. The plant's compound, sinigrin, is volatile, intensely pungent, and responsible for the biting taste. Sinigrin and its breakdown product, mustard oil (allyl isothiocyanate), can serve as an effective decongestant for sinus and respiratory illnesses, breaking up congestion in the lungs and bronchioles. Mustard oil is a glucosinolate compound. Glucosinolates, also called isothiocynates, are characteristic constituents of the mustard family, and are the primary compounds found in cruciferous vegetables, such as cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, kale, cauliflower, and horseradish root. Glucosinolates are a type of , in which plants use to deter predators. The mustard oil is released when the plant tissue is damaged or crushed. Since ancient times, mustard oil has been used to relieve joint pain, control fever, alleviate cough and colds, and allay swelling. The first observations on the properties of glucosinolates (mustard oils) were indicated in the early seventeenth century and attempts were made to understand the chemical origin of the pungent taste. Studies show the therapeutic activity of horseradish compounds to be anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, and wound healing effects, which could be beneficial in times of cold, flu, and infection. Being a sulfur compound, the sinigrin compound exhibits some antibiotic effects. The antibacterial activity was displayed in mustard oil, with greater antimicrobial activity at low pH against E. coli. (pH is a measure of acidity, with 1 being the most acidic, 7 being neutral, and 14 being the most alkaline.) Regarding herbalism, this conclusion indicates the antimicrobial activity could work better in more acidic solvent, such as apple cider vinegar with a low pH level of about 2-3 or potato vodka with a neutral pH level of about 4-6. Both antibiotic and anti-inflammatory actions contribute to the body's ability to heal in times of cold, flu, and infection.

"The roots may be given to promote digestion, pickled in vinegar, or grated in water to remove pain in the stomach and bowels."
– Samuel Thomson, The Thomsonian Materia Medica (1841), page 683

The herb is anti-inflammatory. A study revealed sinigrin to have anti-inflammatory activity, including inhibiting MAPK phosphorylation, expression of NLRP-3 and p65, and lowering production of pro-inflammatory mediators. The study concluded it could be used as an anti-atherosclerosis therapeutic agent because it exhibited significant repressive effects against atherosclerosis. Glucosinolates can also help inhibit thyroid hormone synthesis, mostly by inhibiting iodine utilization. This goitrogenic action, can be therapeutically used in combination with the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Intake of glucosinolates may have a protective effect against colon cancer. More studies are needed to further discover and understand the still-unknown activities and mechanisms of actions of horseradish, by which it wields its therapeutic effects.


Capsicum annuum

Chromolithograph of Cayenne by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther
Chromolithograph of Cayenne by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen Vol. 1 (1887), Vol. 2 (1890), and Vol. 3 (1898)

Botany. Cayenne, or capsicum, derives its name from the Greek, "to bite," in reference to the hot pungent qualities of its fruit. Cayenne is a perennial plant and native to tropical America but is annual when cultivated outside tropical zones. It has a woody stem near the base with angular branches near the top growing to a height of 2 to 6 feet. The leaves are ovate to lanceolate with drooping white to yellow flowers growing alone, in pairs, or in threes. The peduncles are slender with a calyx clasping base with ripe red fruit that is a pod long, ovate, and bearing many seeds with a leathery outside.

History. Even though it is native to Central America, it has been used throughout the world in cooking and medicine. Samuel Thompson introduced cayenne into American herbalism about 1806, who came down from the mountains in need of some agent to move the blood and at first taste discovered the remedy.

Constituents. Cayenne pepper is full of beneficial compounds, including capsicinoids (capsaicin, dihydro-capsaicin, and others), carotenoids (capsanthin, capsorubin, carotene), steroidal saponins (known as capsicidins) in the seeds, vitamin C, alpha-tocopherols (vitamin E), and other nutrients.

Qualities. Cayenne is pungent, hot, spicy, and diffusive and useful for depressed functions and tissue states that would respond well to warmth and increased blood flow.

Actions. Cayenne is a potent circulatory , , , , and .

Our cayenne pepper, Capsicum annuum, is organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. Our cayenne is measured at 30,000 Scoville heat units (SHU), which identifies the amount of capsaicin the pepper contains. Cayenne is commonly used in cooking, but it can offer a variety of pharmacological rewards when used medicinally. Cayenne is an outstandingly strong herb that can quicken and enliven the physiological activity of the body. This spicy pepper is stimulating in a variety of ways in different parts and systems of the body, including circulatory, digestive, and respiratory. Cayenne can stimulate the bioavailability of the herbal blend, and therefore can enhance other actions. Because of the circulatory stimulating effect, cayenne can help disperse and assimilate the effect of other herbs in the blend through the blood stream easily. It assures the rapid delivery and distribution of the other active principles of the entire herbal blend to the vital systems in the body. In extremely small amounts, it can dramatically increase the efficiency of most other herbs.

"It is no doubt the most powerful stimulant known; its power is entirely congenial to nature, being powerful only in raising and maintaining the heat, on which life depends. It is extremely pungent, and when taken sets the mouth as it were on fire; this lasts, however, but a few minutes, and I consider it essentially a benefit, for its effect on the glands causes the saliva to flow freely, and leaves the month clean and moist."
– Samuel Thomson, The Thomsonian Materia Medica (1841), page 593

Cayenne is warming to the body as it promotes cardiovascular activity by stimulating blood flow and strengthening the heart, blood vessels, capillaries, and nerves. Cayenne is one of the strongest circulatory stimulant herbs. It is important for all cells, parts of the body, and systems to receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients through the bloodstream. The circulation can get congested when wastes and toxins accumulate, as well as other inhibiting factors that can reduce the blood’s ability to deliver the nutrients and take away the wastes, including injuries, intensive exercise, cold temperatures, and illness and diseases of the brain, heart, lungs, adrenal glands, and kidneys. Cayenne can significantly aid in maintaining healthy circulation, rapid delivery of nutrients to infected areas, and the efficient removal of waste material. This can be helpful for headaches, inflammation, sickness, and infection. Once taken, the spicy cayenne signals nerves to the brain to stimulate blood flow. As a circulatory , the pepper is important in the musculoskeletal system because of the increase of peripheral blood flow, providing nutrition, strength, and vitality. The increase of fresh nutrient-rich blood is especially useful for muscles and joints that are sluggish, cold and stiff, inflamed, aching, and sore, as well as for fatigue, cluster headaches, weak circulation, fever, and sinus headaches. It can be helpful for arthritis, rheumatism, lupus, gout, and bursitis. Cayenne pepper contains capsaicin and research shows that capsaicin has pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties. It is valuable for aches and debility that come with cold, flu, and infection.

Cayenne is a good cardiovascular , not only as a circulatory , but also is effective in lowering blood cholesterol levels and thereby reduce blood pressure. While it may seem contradictory, cayenne increases circulation but it does not increase blood pressure. In one study, it was shown that cayenne, in comparison to its isolated compound capsaicin, prevented rise of cholesterol levels in the liver, increased the excretion and elimination of cholesterol, and prevented the absorption of cholesterol. Cayenne was shown to be more effective than the isolated constituent, as is shown many times in herbalism and pharmaceutical science. The herb contains many beneficial plant chemicals. One of the main benefits of using whole herbs is shown through the benefits of using all the herb’s interactive chemicals and all the effects opposed to the isolated compounds. The compounds themselves do not create the effect but only when combined, meaning the whole herb’s activity is important for the efficiency of the herb’s .

The herb can enliven and invigorate the whole body. Not only stimulating the circulatory system, increased blood flow extends to benefit the digestive system. Initially, with a effect, cayenne will increase the flow of saliva. Saliva is in of itself antibacterial, which is why a dry mouth can contain more bacteria and have a higher risk of caries. The pepper can aid in digestion and stimulate gastric juices. As a , it can alleviate gas, flatulence, and indigestion (dyspepsia). Cayenne stimulates the nerves of the stomach, promotes the secretion of digestive juices, and assists in peristalsis (the movement and flow of food).

"At the same time that it produces a general excitement to the nervous system, it stimulates the assimilating and digestive apparatus; thus contributing largely to the support of the body and the nutrition of the tissues generally."
– William Paine, M.D., The Medical Properties and Uses of Concentrated Medicines (1865), page 111

As a respiratory , it is valuable for cough and respiratory infection. Cayenne has properties and can relieve nasal and chest congestion and mucus buildup by breaking up and draining excess mucus from the airways. In combination with apple cider vinegar, cayenne may help relieve throat pain and inflammation from coughs and help produce a more productive cough. It can particularly feel relieving for hoarseness, sore throat, tonsillitis, bronchitis, and laryngitis. Additionally, as a , it stimulates excretion of wastes in the sweat. This can be helpful in fever and balancing body temperature.

Black Pepper

Piper nigrum

Chromolithograph of Black Pepper by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther
Chromolithograph of Black Pepper by Walther Otto Müller, C. F. Schmidt, and K. Gunther from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen Vol. 1 (1887), Vol. 2 (1890), and Vol. 3 (1898)

Botany. It is a perennial vine with a round woody mainstem and simple broadly ovate leaves attached to stalks on joints of the branches. Small globular fruits are red berries when ripe, however, they are harvested before ripening and then dried, where enzymes in the berries cause the skin to turn black, resulting in a black coarsely wrinkled peppercorn.

History. In ancient Egypt, black peppercorns were used in their mummification rituals and have been found in Ramses II (1303–1213 BC) nostrils. Pepper is mentioned by Roman writers in the fifth century, and it was said Attila the Hun (d. 453 AD) demanded, among other things, 3000 pounds of black pepper in exchange for not attacking the city of Rome. Black pepper is used all over the world and is a universally accepted ingredient in many applications.

Constituents. Black pepper is rich in volatile oils, oleoresins, and alkaloids. Compounds include piperine, piperic acid, piperlonguminine, pellitorine, piperolein B, piperamide, piperettine, and (-)-kusunokinin.

Qualities. Black pepper is pungent and spicy in taste but calming in the digestive tract. It is a potent enhancer, stimulating the effects of other flavors and actions of other herbs in the blend.

Actions. Black pepper is widely used as a spice to flavor of food, however, black pepper, containing bioactive compounds, has biological properties as a pungent , , , , , , and .

Our black peppercorn, Piper nigrum, is organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. The properties of black pepper can help aid digestion and ease gas and flatulence. Antimicrobial activity was recorded against a wide range of pathogens, which indicates the herb’s protective and healing effects during sickness and prevention. Studies also reported its antioxidant effects against a series of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. As an antioxidant and antimicrobial, black peppercorn enhances the herbal blend’s ability to ease illness symptoms and restore health to the body. Black pepper can stimulate the bioavailability of the herbal blend, and therefore can enhance other actions. It assures the rapid delivery and distribution of the other active principles of the entire herbal blend to the vital systems in the body. In extremely small amounts, it can dramatically increase the efficiency of most other herbs. A major component of black pepper is the alkaloid, piperine, which has been used to enhance the bioavailability of certain compounds, making it useful in an herbal blend enhancing potency. Piperine, a compound in black peppercorn, enhances the antidepressant activity of turmeric. The bioavailability of turmeric has been the limitation with its medicinal use. Bioavailability is the rate at which the body absorbs a substance or nutrient. Turmeric, particularly curcumin, is practically insoluble in water. Due to the hydrophobic (repels from water) nature of curcumin, turmeric has a low absorption rate in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It is rapidly metabolized in the liver and intestinal wall, also contributing to turmeric being poorly absorbed into the body through the bloodstream. Consuming black pepper, which contains piperine, can improve the bioavailability of turmeric. Piperine enhances the absorption of curcumin in turmeric by 2,000% compared to consuming solely turmeric. It should be noted that if using piperine long-term, it should be used cautiously, as piperine is a potent inhibitor of drug metabolism and may cause toxicity in people taking specific drugs. Our herbal preparations contain a small amount of black pepper to stimulate and increase the bioavailability and the benefits of other herbs. The amount of black pepper is small and is not a pure form of piperine but the whole herb, which contains piperine along with other beneficial plant chemicals. One of the main benefits of using whole herbs is shown through the benefits of using all the herb’s interactive chemicals as opposed to the potential toxic reactions of highly concentrated doses of one particularly chosen chemical.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Malus pumila


Our apple cider vinegar is raw, unpasteurized, organic, non-GMO, and Kosher. To create apple cider vinegar, the apples must be crushed and juiced, and then, naturally occurring yeast converts the sugars in the juice to alcohol during the fermentation. Apple cider vinegar has been used in traditional herbal medicine to treat a variety of conditions. Like alcohol, apple cider vinegar is a good way to extract herb's constituents enhancing bioavailability and extending herb’s life. Vinegar extracts glycosides, tannins, bitter compounds, alkaloids, vitamins, and minerals. Side effects of consuming apple cider vinegar could include acid reflux or nausea, however, the micro-dose amount of our apple cider vinegar tinctures helps moderate these possible side effects.

Apple cider vinegar can aid the digestive system and metabolism. Apple cider vinegar contains gut-friendly bacteria (probiotics), organic acids, flavonoids, polyphenols, amino acids, and raw enzymes. There are some vitamins and minerals – vitamin C, B-vitamins, and potassium. Apple cider vinegar contains organic acids and flavonoids, such as gallic acid, acetic acid, tyrosol catechin, epicatechin, benzoic acid, vaninilin, caftaric acid, coutaric acid, caffeic acid, and ferrulic acid. The process of fermenting produces acetic acid. Acetic acid helps the body absorb certain minerals. The healthy bacteria and probiotics can be beneficial in balancing a health gut microbiome, enhancing digestive function. Studies suggest that consuming apple cider vinegar may help improve blood sugar control and glucose homeostasis. A meta-analysis found that apple cider vinegar is effective in reducing glucose and insulin levels after a meal, indicating it could be used for improving glycemic control when taken with a meal. Another study showed the antiglycemic properties of vinegar that was evident when a small amount, about 2 teaspoons or 10 grams, of vinegar was ingested with meals composed of complex carbohydrates.

Apple cider vinegar can enhance the strength of treatment for cold, flu, and infection. Research shows ACV is full of acetic acids that kill pathogens that cause infections leading to cough and helps break up mucous, effective for congestion and infection. ACV has a natural anti-histamine effect that can help lessen sneezing, coughing, and the uncomfortable symptoms of allergies – seasonal, environmental, or pet-related. Apple cider vinegar is effective for killing pathogenic microorganisms that cause various infections throughout the body, including digestive, respiratory, and urinary infections. A study found that apple cider vinegar was effective at killing Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. Another study showed it was effective against Enterococcus faecalis, as well as Candida albicans. These pathogenic microorganisms have been associated in stomach flu (gastroenteritis), respiratory infections, endocarditis, skin and soft tissue infections, urinary tract infections, and organ malfunction. E. coli can cause digestive infections and dysentery-like diseases, with symptoms including severe stomach cramps, diarrhea, fever, nausea, and vomiting. The rod-shaped bacteria can also cause acute urinary infection and urinary tract sepsis. The sphere-shaped bacteria, S. aureus, can cause skin and soft tissue infections and respiratory infections, such as sinusitis and pneumonia. Strains of S. aureus have appeared resistant to antibiotics, vancomycin and methicillin. Candida albicans is a pathogenic yeast and the most prevalent cause of fungal infections. Apple cider vinegar is beneficial for draining candida that can cause yeast overgrowth leading to low energy, poor digestion, yeast infections, canker sores, and other uncomfortable symptoms. Apple cider vinegar can be an additional or alternative therapy during cold, flu, and infections. Additionally, it could be used as part of an antimicrobial therapeutic regimen for those with immunodeficiency that have been exposed to infections caused by these particular pathogenic microbes.


ALL packaging and shipping materials can be repurposed and reused.


ALL packaging and shipping materials can be recycled after use.


Tea bags and brewed-out herbs can be composted. Bags compost in 12 months.


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